Natural cough remedies: Cure a cough from the comfort of your home

Treat a pesky cough with these natural cough remedies, from herbal teas to tasty snacks

A woman covering her mouth as she coughs, to illustrate natural cough remedies
(Image credit: Getty Images)

Natural cough remedies are a great way to soothe a sore throat (opens in new tab) or get rid of an annoying tickle, without reaching for the medicine cabinet.

At home treatments can be effective on a range of ailments, from natural cold remedies (opens in new tab) to quick headache cures (opens in new tab) and natural flu remedies (opens in new tab). Coughs can also be treated without the help of over the counter relief, and some of the remedies you'll probably already have in the back of your cupboard.

Dr Deborah Lee (opens in new tab), from Dr Fox Online Pharmacy, says “Coughing is a reflex needed to protect your lungs. When you cough, it may be because you have a dry irritated throat, an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), or a chest infection. Dampening down a cough reflex may not always be in your best health interests, however coughing is exhausting and many people just want a period of relief, if only overnight, to help them sleep.”

Natural cough remedies

1. Honey

We've all heard that honey does a great job of soothing irritated throats - it's one of the best known cures out there. But new research published in the British Medical Journal (opens in new tab) has said that honey is "superior to usual care for the improvement of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections."

Researchers analysed studies that compared the effects of consuming honey with antibiotics and cough syrups, looking at the impact on cough symptoms including the severity, the frequency of coughs and the length of time the symptoms persisted. They found that honey had a significantly greater effect in reducing symptoms - especially when it came to the severity of the cough and the frequency of coughs - revealing that honey is both a superior and cheaper treatment.

“Honey has been used as a natural health remedy in various different cultures for thousands of years - and rightly so - given its wealth of medicinal properties,” says Dr Hussain Ahmad (opens in new tab) from Click2Pharmacy. "Honey has some great antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which help to protect against oxidative stress and help the body to deal with and manage symptoms of inflammation, such as a sore throat and cough.”

Dr Deborah Lee, from Dr Fox Online Pharmacy, adds “Due to its thick, viscous consistency, honey can coat and soothe the back of the throat. The use of hot lemon and honey for adults and children aged over 1 with an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is endorsed by the British Thoracic Society and NHS Choices.”

Try this remedy by adding some honey and a squeeze of lemon juice to hot water, or simply drizzle some honey over your morning porridge, put some into a smoothie or try a tasty recipe such as honey chicken (opens in new tab) or honey glazed parsnips (opens in new tab)

2. Garlic

Dr Ahmad says “Garlic’s primary biologically active ingredient (allicin) has been found to be extremely useful when it comes to decreasing inflammation and reducing oxidative stress in the body, both of which can often present in the form of coughs. When we crush or slice garlic, it activates an enzyme called alliinase, which, when left to sit for a few minutes, can further increase the medicinal properties of the garlic.”

Several studies have shown that garlic has immune system-boosting properties, and one clinical trial (opens in new tab) tested this by giving half of its participants a placebo pill and the other half a garlic capsule for a period of 12 weeks. In the group taking the placebo, 65 participants suffered from the common cold, whilst in the group taking the garlic capsule, just 24 reported symptoms of a cold.

However, Dr Ahmad offers a word of caution “One thing to bear in mind is that garlic powders and garlic salts do not contain allicin, so if you want to try this remedy I’d recommend using real, raw garlic - although you may have to have a breath mint afterwards!”

3. Ginger

For centuries, ginger has been hailed as a cure-all for everything from heart diseases to the common cough. Dr Ahmad says “This spice has a wealth of powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiviral benefits which help the body to release and flush out toxins.”

A study released in December 2020 (opens in new tab) showed that fresh ginger could stimulate our cells to move towards sites of inflammation, infection and trauma in our bodies, helping us to recover from a cough or cold. In addition, the study showed that ginger was effective in preventing viruses from attaching to our airways and stopping the cough in the first place.

To benefit from this remedy, Dr Ahmad says “One of the most popular ways of consuming ginger is to drink it in tea. I’d definitely recommend this to those who are struggling with a cough, as the steam from the tea can also help to loosen up the airways and the warm fluids will help to soothe the throat and keep you hydrated, which is really important for the immune system.”

Twinings Spiced Ginger, 80 Tea Bags (Multipack of 4 x 20 Tea Bags) £5.40 | Amazon (opens in new tab)

Twinings Spiced Ginger, 80 Tea Bags (Multipack of 4 x 20 Tea Bags) £5.40 | Amazon (opens in new tab)

This warming infusion is naturally caffeine free and can be enjoyed at any time of day, as a refreshment in the morning or a soothing cup in the evening.

4. Thyme

Thyme has antibacterial, anti-fungal and expectorant (ridding the body of excess mucus) properties. One study (opens in new tab) showed that a fluid extract containing thyme herb and ivy leaves helped to reduce coughing fits in a group of adults suffering from acute bronchitis with productive cough. 

Dr Lee says “Thyme has been used for centuries as a herbal medicine to treat URTIs. It contains terpenes, thymol and carvacrol, which have antitussive, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antiviral properties.”

Try steeping thyme leaves in hot water for 15-20 minutes to make a tea that may help to ease your cough.

5. Liquorice root

One study from 2015 (opens in new tab) has suggested that liquorice could be effective at preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi and even some viruses, alongside having anti-inflammatory (opens in new tab) and anti-oxidant properties.  Another study from 2018 (opens in new tab) relays the results from a study on mice, where it was discovered that some components in liquorice could reduce the frequency of coughs by between 30% and 78%.

Dr Ahmad says “Both liquorice extracts and liquorice flavonoids have been found to play a vital role in aiding recovery from respiratory disease and fungal infections.” However, he adds “More research is needed in order to fully support this.”

To try this remedy, place one teaspoon of the dried herb into two cups of water and boil and allow it to steep before drinking. Bear in mind, however, that liquorice root is not suitable to give to children.

6. Pineapple

Pineapple might not seem like a conventional cough remedy, especially if it’s a dark winter evening where you'd much rather have a cup of hot chocolate than a pina colada.

“Pineapple has been used as a medicinal plant for hundreds of years,” says Dr Lee. “The fruit contains bromelain, which is thought to thin out bronchial mucous, and also has antibiotic properties.”

Bromelain has been proven (opens in new tab) to suppress coughs and loosen mucus in the throat, making pineapple a great remedy. 

Dr Ahmad adds “Pineapples are packed with a wide variety of vitamins and minerals which help support the immune system, from vitamin C to manganese, vitamin B6, potassium and iron. I’d definitely recommend pineapple and other citrus fruits to those suffering from a cough.”

He explains that one study (opens in new tab) found a link between using honey and pineapple extract and a reduction in coughing episodes and intensity. Dr Ahmad recommends adding some pineapple to your honey chicken recipe or your smoothie, or enjoying the tropical fruit drizzled with honey at breakfast.

A bowl of pineapples

(Image credit: Getty Images)

7. Gargling with salt water

We've all heard of this one before, but is it actually true? Well, in 2005 researchers surveyed (opens in new tab) 400 healthy volunteers and tracked their progress for 60 days during the cold and flu season. While some of the participants in the study were told to gargle three times a day, others didn’t gargle at all. By the end of the study, the group that regularly gargled had almost 40% fewer infections in their upper respiratory tract that those who didn't gargle at all.

According to Dr Ahmad, gargling with salt water is a great cough remedy. He says “As unpleasant as it may be, gargling with salt water could actually do the trick when it comes to relieving coughs caused by sore throats. Salt water, particularly when it's warm, can help to kill bacteria, ease pain and loosen mucus in the throat - just try not to swallow it!”

To make a saltwater gargle, Dr Lee advises ½ teaspoon of salt to dissolved in an 8-ounce glass of tepid water. Try and gargle for 30 seconds and repeat several times a day to feel the benefit of this remedy.

Video of the Week